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    Malatesta & Montefeltro

    Onferno caves

    Gemmano - Onferno


    The karstic complex of Onferno is considered to be among the most important in Italy both because of the caves and the chalk. It unwinds beneath the castle and parish, and originates from the erosive action of a little underground torrent, which about fifty to one hundred thousand years ago excavated its course in the dephts of the great mass on which the "Castrum Inferni" rose. It is made of grey selenite chalk from the Inferior Messianic period (5-6 million years ago), transported to Onferno a long long time ago, during some movements of the Earth's crust. In this mass the ever active river has created deeply grooved meanders, great underground rooms and long pieces of hanging chalk, which stick out, in the vaults, in various shapes. Today only a small stream of the old river remains, which runs to the right and the left of the course, fed by two courses, which start in the sala of Mammelloni (the Knoll Room). The first naturalist who attempted scientific exploration of the caves was Ludovic Quarina in 1916.

    A warning regards clothing: the cave has an average temperature of 12-14 degrees therefore we advise you to avoid too summery clothes and to take a light jacket with you, comfortable shoes too and rubber soles, considering that the course has been maintained as "natural" as possible and humidity often makes the route slippery.

    Reservation recommended. 

    Access to the caves could be temporarily suspended during the year related to the protection of wildlife, maintenance or temporary unavailability of routes.

    educational centre
    meeting room with facilities
    guide services

    Not accessible to disabled guests.

    how to get there:

    by car:
    from Rimini take provincial road: SP 31 to Coriano and then provincial road SP 18 to Gemmano

    rates of entry include entrance to the Oriented Nature Reserve, Visitors’ Centre and Museum

    Opening hours

    Opening period: open all year round
    Entrance: fee payable
    Full fee:10.00 Reduced fee:8.00

    Contact details

    Via Provinciale Onferno, 50/52 - Phone: (+39) 389 199 1683 - -
    Onferno caves
    Via Provinciale Onferno, 50/52

    43.87256622614478; 12.545710288360624

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    Last update: 15/02/2022